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This Day In 1970's History: Monday March 27, 1978
President Carter departs tomorrow on a seven-day, 14,000-mile journey to four nations in South America and Africa, He will visit Venezuela, Brazil, Nigeria and Liberia to demonstrate the administration's interest in the developing countries. [New York Times]
Aid for the nation's declining cities was proposed by President Carter through a broad series of job programs, tax incentives, grants, public works, and a fundamental "retargeting" of many federal programs. Mr. Carter proposed 160 improvements in 38 existing federal programs to make them more responsive to urban needs, especially among blacks and the poor. [New York Times]
The coal industry faces an upheaval as a consequence of the 112-day strike. It cost about 120 million tons of lost production, possibly as much as $2 billion in lost sales and perhaps $200 million in profits. Coal experts said the settlement will accelerate the trend toward fewer but larger companies and give the companies whose labor force is not dominated by the United Mine Workers an advantage over U.M.W. companies, and they predicted that the industry-wide contract bargaining with the U.M.W. will probably crumble. [New York Times]
The Supreme Court agreed to answer the question of whether strikers are entitled to unemployment insurance benefits -- one of the most controversial issues in labor-management relations. The case accepted by the Court stems from a 1971 telephone strike by the Communications Workers of America, which was settled in other states in four days but which went on in New York for more than 30 weeks, involving $49 million in unemployment contributions from the employers under New York state law. The constitutional question was tried separately, and the case to be heard by the High Court does not involve any financial recovery. [New York Times]
Many miners went to work in the major coal producing states, but others would not cross the picket lines of the United Mine Workers' construction division at other mines. The construction division reached a settlement with the Association of Bituminous Contractors, and its members were urged by their leaders not to interfere with the miners' return. Before the second pact, similar pleas were frequently ignored by the rank and file, and there were fears that some mines opened today would be closed tomorrow. [New York Times]